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Pregnancy: Major Symptoms and Signs

When, during ovulation, an egg exits the ovary, it can be fertilized by a spermatozoid.
The fertilized egg proceeds to the uterus and gets implanted there. Once the process is completed successfully, it can be said that pregnancy occurs. Normally, a pregnancy is 40 weeks long from the last menses. This is an important and challenging life stage for every woman. That being said, you should know what to expect during this period of time. Some of the following symptoms are almost inevitable while others appear not so often. Also, they may appear at different stages, and even before you find out you are pregnant.

  • Missed menses. This is the earliest symptom women typically notice, and the most widely known one. You should keep in mind, however, that this sign can be deceptive as a missed period does not necessarily mean a woman is pregnant. So take such an event just as a pretext to visit your doctor and let them determine the truth.
  • Headache.
    This is a common symptom many pregnant women report. The underlying cause is fluctuation of hormone levels. If the headache is too strong or annoying, consult your doctor.
  • Spotting or bleeding. At an early stage, pregnant women sometimes report spotting, which is normal and caused by the implantation process. The latter event occurs within a couple of weeks from fertilization. What you should know is that adverse
    body reactions or infections can lead to similar signs too. Only a medical specialist is able to locate the cause and provide you with relevant recommendations.
  • Weight gain. During pregnancy, gaining extra weight is normal. Particularly, within the first months, a gain of one to four pounds can be expected. With the second trimester, your weight measure accrual will accelerate.
  • Hypertension. A quite large share of pregnant women report elevated blood pressure. Smoking,
    obesity and a prior history (including a family history) of this symptom are the risk factors to consider.
  • Constipation.
    This common symptom can, in more severe cases, result in hemorrhoids. The cause is a slower activity of a woman’s digestive system.
  • Heart burn. This is another potential result of the readjustment your digestive system undergoes during pregnancy.
  • Back pain. Extra weight and the readjustment of a woman’s musculoskeletal system result in back pains. However, you should be prepared that the symptom can occur at an early stage too. The causes are hormone level fluctuations and the increased stress experienced by your muscles.
  • Cramps. During pregnancy, uterus muscles expand. This kind of stretching tension may cause a pulling sensation, which is similar to menstrual cramps. Generally, it’s OK. If the cramps are accompanied by bleeding or spotting, however, this should
    be a serious signal to visit your supervising doctor.

There are many more signs you may notice during your pregnancy. Body reactions are individual anyways. If you suspect you are pregnant, don’t procrastinate visiting your doctor and make sure you adhere to their recommendations.